Source code for

# Copyright (c) 2018-2024 by xcube team and contributors
# Permissions are hereby granted under the terms of the MIT License:

import itertools

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
import pyproj
import xarray as xr

[docs] def new_cube( title="Test Cube", width=360, height=180, x_name="lon", y_name="lat", x_dtype="float64", y_dtype=None, x_units="degrees_east", y_units="degrees_north", x_res=1.0, y_res=None, x_start=-180.0, y_start=-90.0, inverse_y=False, time_name="time", time_dtype="datetime64[ns]", time_units="seconds since 1970-01-01T00:00:00", time_calendar="proleptic_gregorian", time_periods=5, time_freq="D", time_start="2010-01-01T00:00:00", use_cftime=False, drop_bounds=False, variables=None, crs=None, crs_name=None, time_encoding_dtype="int64", ): """Create a new empty cube. Useful for creating cubes templates with predefined coordinate variables and metadata. The function is also heavily used by xcube's unit tests. The values of the *variables* dictionary can be either constants, array-like objects, or functions that compute their return value from passed coordinate indexes. The expected signature is::: def my_func(time: int, y: int, x: int) -> Union[bool, int, float] Args: title: A title. Defaults to 'Test Cube'. width: Horizontal number of grid cells. Defaults to 360. height: Vertical number of grid cells. Defaults to 180. x_name: Name of the x coordinate variable. Defaults to 'lon'. y_name: Name of the y coordinate variable. Defaults to 'lat'. x_dtype: Data type of x coordinates. Defaults to 'float64'. y_dtype: Data type of y coordinates. Defaults to 'float64'. x_units: Units of the x coordinates. Defaults to 'degrees_east'. y_units: Units of the y coordinates. Defaults to 'degrees_north'. x_start: Minimum x value. Defaults to -180. y_start: Minimum y value. Defaults to -90. x_res: Spatial resolution in x-direction. Defaults to 1.0. y_res: Spatial resolution in y-direction. Defaults to 1.0. inverse_y: Whether to create an inverse y axis. Defaults to False. time_name: Name of the time coordinate variable. Defaults to 'time'. time_periods: Number of time steps. Defaults to 5. time_freq: Duration of each time step. Defaults to `1D'. time_start: First time value. Defaults to '2010-01-01T00:00:00'. time_dtype: Numpy data type for time coordinates. Defaults to 'datetime64[s]'. If used, parameter 'use_cftime' must be False. time_units: Units for time coordinates. Defaults to 'seconds since 1970-01-01T00:00:00'. time_calendar: Calender for time coordinates. Defaults to 'proleptic_gregorian'. use_cftime: If True, the time will be given as data types according to the 'cftime' package. If used, the time_calendar parameter must be also be given with an appropriate value such as 'gregorian' or 'julian'. If used, parameter 'time_dtype' must be None. drop_bounds: If True, coordinate bounds variables are not created. Defaults to False. variables: Dictionary of data variables to be added. None by default. crs: pyproj-compatible CRS string or instance of pyproj.CRS or None crs_name: Name of the variable that will hold the CRS information. Ignored, if *crs* is not given. time_encoding_dtype: data type used to encode the time variable when serializing the dataset Returns: A cube instance """ y_dtype = y_dtype if y_dtype is not None else y_dtype y_res = y_res if y_res is not None else x_res if width < 0 or height < 0 or x_res <= 0.0 or y_res <= 0.0: raise ValueError() if time_periods < 0: raise ValueError() if use_cftime and time_dtype is not None: raise ValueError('If "use_cftime" is True,' ' "time_dtype" must not be set.') x_is_lon = x_name == "lon" or x_units == "degrees_east" y_is_lat = y_name == "lat" or y_units == "degrees_north" x_end = x_start + width * x_res y_end = y_start + height * y_res x_res_05 = 0.5 * x_res y_res_05 = 0.5 * y_res x_data = np.linspace(x_start + x_res_05, x_end - x_res_05, width, dtype=x_dtype) y_data = np.linspace(y_start + y_res_05, y_end - y_res_05, height, dtype=y_dtype) x_var = xr.DataArray(x_data, dims=x_name, attrs=dict(units=x_units)) y_var = xr.DataArray(y_data, dims=y_name, attrs=dict(units=y_units)) if inverse_y: y_var = y_var[::-1] if x_is_lon: x_var.attrs.update(long_name="longitude", standard_name="longitude") else: x_var.attrs.update( long_name="x coordinate of projection", standard_name="projection_x_coordinate", ) if y_is_lat: y_var.attrs.update(long_name="latitude", standard_name="latitude") else: y_var.attrs.update( long_name="y coordinate of projection", standard_name="projection_y_coordinate", ) if use_cftime: time_data_p1 = xr.cftime_range( start=time_start, periods=time_periods + 1, freq=time_freq, calendar=time_calendar, ).values else: time_data_p1 = pd.date_range( start=time_start, periods=time_periods + 1, freq=time_freq ).values time_data_p1 = time_data_p1.astype(dtype=time_dtype) time_delta = time_data_p1[1] - time_data_p1[0] time_data = time_data_p1[0:-1] + time_delta // 2 time_var = xr.DataArray(time_data, dims=time_name) time_var.encoding["units"] = time_units time_var.encoding["calendar"] = time_calendar time_var.encoding["dtype"] = time_encoding_dtype coords = {x_name: x_var, y_name: y_var, time_name: time_var} if not drop_bounds: x_bnds_name = f"{x_name}_bnds" y_bnds_name = f"{y_name}_bnds" time_bnds_name = f"{time_name}_bnds" bnds_dim = "bnds" x_bnds_data = np.zeros((width, 2), dtype=np.float64) x_bnds_data[:, 0] = np.linspace(x_start, x_end - x_res, width, dtype=x_dtype) x_bnds_data[:, 1] = np.linspace(x_start + x_res, x_end, width, dtype=x_dtype) y_bnds_data = np.zeros((height, 2), dtype=np.float64) y_bnds_data[:, 0] = np.linspace(y_start, y_end - x_res, height, dtype=y_dtype) y_bnds_data[:, 1] = np.linspace(y_start + x_res, y_end, height, dtype=y_dtype) if inverse_y: y_bnds_data = y_bnds_data[::-1, ::-1] x_bnds_var = xr.DataArray( x_bnds_data, dims=(x_name, bnds_dim), attrs=dict(units=x_units) ) y_bnds_var = xr.DataArray( y_bnds_data, dims=(y_name, bnds_dim), attrs=dict(units=y_units) ) x_var.attrs["bounds"] = x_bnds_name y_var.attrs["bounds"] = y_bnds_name time_bnds_data = np.zeros((time_periods, 2), dtype=time_data_p1.dtype) time_bnds_data[:, 0] = time_data_p1[:-1] time_bnds_data[:, 1] = time_data_p1[1:] time_bnds_var = xr.DataArray(time_bnds_data, dims=(time_name, bnds_dim)) time_bnds_var.encoding["units"] = time_units time_bnds_var.encoding["calendar"] = time_calendar time_bnds_var.encoding["dtype"] = time_encoding_dtype time_var.attrs["bounds"] = time_bnds_name coords.update( { x_bnds_name: x_bnds_var, y_bnds_name: y_bnds_var, time_bnds_name: time_bnds_var, } ) attrs = dict( Conventions="CF-1.7", title=title, time_coverage_start=str(time_data_p1[0]), time_coverage_end=str(time_data_p1[-1]), ) if x_is_lon: attrs.update( dict( geospatial_lon_min=x_start, geospatial_lon_max=x_end, geospatial_lon_units=x_units, ) ) if y_is_lat: attrs.update( dict( geospatial_lat_min=y_start, geospatial_lat_max=y_end, geospatial_lat_units=y_units, ) ) data_vars = {} if variables: dims = (time_name, y_name, x_name) shape = (time_periods, height, width) size = time_periods * height * width for var_name, data in variables.items(): if isinstance(data, xr.DataArray): data_vars[var_name] = data elif ( isinstance(data, int) or isinstance(data, float) or isinstance(data, bool) ): data_vars[var_name] = xr.DataArray(np.full(shape, data), dims=dims) elif callable(data): func = data data = np.zeros(shape) for index in itertools.product(*map(range, shape)): data[index] = func(*index) data_vars[var_name] = xr.DataArray(data, dims=dims) elif data is None: data_vars[var_name] = xr.DataArray( np.random.uniform(0.0, 1.0, size).reshape(shape), dims=dims ) else: data_vars[var_name] = xr.DataArray(data, dims=dims) if isinstance(crs, str): crs = pyproj.CRS.from_string(crs) if isinstance(crs, pyproj.CRS): crs_name = crs_name or "crs" for v in data_vars.values(): v.attrs["grid_mapping"] = crs_name data_vars[crs_name] = xr.DataArray(0, attrs=crs.to_cf()) return xr.Dataset(data_vars=data_vars, coords=coords, attrs=attrs)